Study on the instruments supporting the European Union vocational education and training (VET) policy

European Commission, DG Employment and Social Affairs & Inclusion

The study focuses on two instruments: the European Credit System for Vocational Education and Training (ECVET) and European Quality Assurance in Vocational Education and Training (EQAVET).

Focusing on ECVET and EQAVET, this study seeks to produce a comprehensive summary of national VET developments related to quality assurance and flexible vocational pathways (i.e. action taken to pursue the objectives agreed in the framework of the Copenhagen Process, as defined in the 2010 Bruges Communiqué and the 2015 Riga conclusions), analysing the role that these instruments have played.

Furthermore, based on this information, the study shall draw conclusions and make recommendations and develop a set of scenarios on how the two instruments can further evolve to better contribute to the EU vocational training policy in the coming years to support and complement national action to increase the quality and flexibility of their VET systems. This will also need to reflect on the links to the other sectors of education and training, in particular higher education and horizontal instruments and tools, such as the EQF, ECTS or Europass.

The study is coordinated by ICF (BE), in cooperation with 3s.